Vicarious liability in penal laws is not recognised. Heirs cannot be penalised for the sins of their fathers. (FB) PLD 1963 Kar. 256. Koro.
Personal liability. In criminal matters the liability is personal. When an offence is committed by an employee a responsible officer of the organization would not be hauled up. 1976 P.Cr.LJ 22 Chief Commercial Manager, Railways v. Chief Manager, Ranco Trading Co.
Principal is not liable for the acts of his agent, unless such acts were authorised or connived at by the principal. PLD 1962 Kar. 742. Muhammad Yaqoob v. Mir Hassan.
Also see common intention and common object.