Policemen's evidence, in criminal case is not to be "taken for granted as suspect or tainted", it is to be granted as much credence as to an ordinary witness. PLD 1960 Lah. 1202 Muhammad Khursheed.
Evidence of police officer alone who has a desire to get conviction of accused who was sent up for trial by him cannot be safely relied upon for conviction. NLR 1990 Cr. 520 Hyder.
Police witness. Growing tendency and propensity of formal police witnesses (particularly foot constable) making obliging concessions in favour of defence with regard to matters wholly unconnected with the part such witness took in the investigation, strongly disapproved by the Supreme Court. Provincial Government directed to check the tendency. (SC) PLD 1972 SC 77 Bagu.
Police Officers. Both recovery witnesses being police officers is no ground for disbelieving them, particularly when they are not cross-examined. (SC) 1976 SCMR 72, Rehan.
When entire case depends on police officials as witnesses their evidence must be scrutinised with utmost care and caution. Benefit of doubt in case of contradictions must be given to the accused. PLJ 1993 FSC 14, Nazir Ahmed.
Unless mala fide is established Police Officers are good witnesses like other citizens. 1992 SCMR 1617, Muhammad Naeem.
Police officer as recovery witness. There is no rule that evidence of a police officer cannot be accepted as a recovery witness. PLJ 1980 SC 446. Kamir v. Nazir Ahmed.
Police Officer as a recovery witness cannot be disbelieved merely because he is a police officer. PLJ 1982 SC. 79 Muhammad etc.
Sub-Inspector police as recovery witness relied on when no animus for planting recovery existed. (DB) 1979 P.Cr.LJ 1078 Muhammad Hanif etc.
Police witness is as good a witness as any other, (DB) PLD 1968 Kar. 903 Mir Khan PLD 1967 Kar. 233= (DB) PLD 1978 Kar. 593. Usman.
Police evidence. The evidence of Police Officers (Inspector of Police. Sub-Inspector) and lambardar, as part of the investigation machinery cannot be discarded merely because of their position. Their evidence should be tested exactly in the same way as the evidence of other person. (FB) AIR 1944 Lah. 389= ILR 26 Lah. 137 (154) Emperor v. Santa Singh AIR 1934 Lah. 870 Nathu v. Emperor rel. but AIR 1933 Lah. 407 not approved.
Police official as good a witness as any other person. Standard for judging his evidence is the same as for other witnesses. NLR 1989 Cr. 568. Iqbal Muhammad etc.
Investigating Police Officer is as good a recovery witness as any other solitary statement relied on. (DB) 1974 P.Cr.LJ 6 Islamul Haq etc. PLD 1966 SC 278 ref.
Recovery witness resiling from their statements at the trial, statement of the Sub-Inspector of Police, a recovery witness, read with the memo of recovery would satisfy the requirements of section 103, Cr.P.C. (DB) PLJ 1976 Kar. 372. Zafar.
Appellant arrested while running away from spot with blood-stained chhuri, authenticity of police official arresting appellant not in doubt, held, prosecution established its case beyond reasonable doubt. (DB) PLJ 1990 Cr. C. (Pesh.) 89, Mulazim Shah.
Policeman. Mere fact of witness being a policeman is not sufficient to doubt his evidence. (DB) 1975 P.Cr.LJ 933 Mehboob.
Mere fact of a witness being a policeman and the deceased being a brother of another police official, held, no ground for doubting the veracity of the witness in the circumstances. (SC) PLD 1976 SC 53. Yaqoob Shah. PLJ 1976 SC 175.
Police witness cannot be relied upon when independent public witnesses do not support the case. 1978 P.Cr.LJ 619. Yar Muhammad.
Lambardar giving evidence in an excise case is presumed to have done so as part of his duty and not for enmity. (DB) 42 Cr.LJ 812 Emperor v. Darshan Singh 196 IC. 106.
Lambardar, held, a reliable witness even though he had appeared as a witness in 2/4 cases before. When no enmity with accused. 1985 SCMR 1455. Saeed Ahmed.
Under police influence. Witness running a tea shop inside a police station and admittedly to have appeared in 6 or 7 cases. Evidence of such a witness can hardly be called independent or credible. PLD 1976 Lah. 1453 Abdul Shakoor.
Stock witness. Admission by a basic democracy member that he had appeared in 4 or 5 cases on behalf of the prosecution held, not by itself enough to dub such witness as a police-witness. 1968 P.Cr.LJ 1213 Abdul Sattar.
Witness admitting that he was a recovery witness in one other case, it is not a sufficient reason for rejecting his testimony. (SC) 1973 SCMR 463 Mulazim Hussain.
Stock witness. Mere fact that the witness previously acted as a mashir in 5 to 8 cases would not make him unreliable in absence of other evidence to discredit his veracity. (DB) PLD 1976 Kar. 1205 Qabool etc.
Witness in several cases: Fact of a man appearing as a witness in other cases alone is no ground for disbelieving him. (PC) (1972) 18 WR Lall Behari Lal v. Mst. Gopi Bibi etc.
Stock witness. Where a witness has no personal grievance or grouse against accused, the fact that he was a stock witness of police and had appeared in many cases for prosecution would not make him a false witness. 1983 SCMR 806. Ali Hussain v. Mukhtar etc.
Closely associated with police. Conviction based on the testimony of procured stock witnesses closely associated with the police. Conviction set aside. 1976 P.Cr. LJ 768. Abdul Ghaffar.
Police mashir. A witness having been a police mashir in a number of cases, held, unreliable. (SC) PLD 1964 SC 167. Abdus Samad.
Professional witness for police. A professional witness acting as a mashir for the police in 5 or 6 cases. Testimony of such a witness cannot be accepted without reservation. (SC) PLD 1975 SC 187. Dhani Bakhsh.
Police investigation officer is an interested witness. No doubt an investigating police officer is public servant but he is directly concerned with the success of the prosecution case and can safely be said to be an interested witness. (DB) Cr. Appeal 388 of 1974 Murder Reference 99 of 1974 Lahore High Court. Kala Khan etc. Not reported.
Investigating officer as witness of recovery cannot be believed without independent corroboration when his conduct otherwise is ot above board. 1985 SCMR 453. Allah Rakha.